20th-Century Latin American Literary Papers and Manuscripts, in the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections,

Princeton University Library

Reinaldo Arenas (1943–1990)
C0232 10.6 linear ft.

Papers consist of corrected typescript versions of several of Arenas's novels, including Otra vez el mar (1982), El palacio de las blanquísimas mofetas (1969), El portero (1989), Arturo, la estrella más brillante (1984), and La loma del angel (1984). There are also typescript copies of short stories in his collection Termina el desfile (1981); corrected original typescript of his long poem, El central (1970); and politically oriented essays and criticism, which were published in Necesidad de libertad (1986). Arenas's correspondence with literary friends, publishers, and academic institutions dates from 1980, when he left Cuba in the Mariel boatlift. Correspondents include Octavio Paz, Lydia Cabrera, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Enrique Labrador Ruiz, Helen Lane, Heberto Padilla, Margaret Sayers Peden, Manuel Puig, Angel Rama, Severo Sarduy, and Emir Rodríguez Monegal. There are also a small number of letters by him in the Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda Papers.
Status: open, with the exception of letter from Oneida Fuentes which is closed until 2000, and typescript draft of autobiography, Antes que anochezca (1992), which is closed until 2010; all other manuscripts may be consulted but not photocopied. A finding aid is available.

Antón Arrufat (1935– )

C0737 .5 linear ft.

Papers include correspondence, manuscript poems, and fiction sent to Arrufat by Cuban writers Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Virgilio Piñera, José Triana, and Calvert Casey, Mexican writers José Emilio Pacheco, Juan José Arreola, and Juan Vicente Melo, and Argentine writers Julio Cortázar and José Bianco. Also includes a notebook for his novel La caja está cerrada (1984), five manuscript poems (some with revisions by Piñera), and several typescript short stories and manuscript poems by Piñera, some of which are dedicated to Arrufat. There is also a Spanish translation of Witold Gombrowicz's novel Ferdydurke (1956) with holograph corrections by Gombrowicz.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Miguel Angel Asturias (1899–1974)

C0624 1.6 linear ft.

Selected papers of this Nobel-Prize winning Guatemalan novelist include correspondence with Seymour Lawrence, Gregory Rabassa, José G. Castillo, Tom Paschler, and others concerning Rabassa's English translations of Asturias' novels, such as Strong Wind (Viento fuerte [1950]), The Green Pope (El papa verde [1954]), and The Eyes of the Interred (Los ojos de los enterrados [1960]), and their publication in the United States and abroad. Also included are photographs of Asturias, publisher's contracts, and book reviews. There is also correspondence and three photographs of Asturias in the María Rosa Oliver Papers and other correspondence in the papers of Carlos Fuentes, Manuel Mujica Láinez, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, and Review magazine.
Status: open.

José Bianco (1908–1986)

C0681 .5 linear ft.

Selected papers of this Argentine novelist, storywriter, and literary critic contain correspondence with a wide range of authors, including Octavio Paz, Elena Garro, Victoria Ocampo, Silvina Ocampo, Eduardo Mallea, and Julio Cortázar; manuscript poems by Octavio Paz and Silvina Ocampo; Elena Garro's typescript draft of "Sócrates y los gatos"; typescript draft of "Argentina" by an unknown author; photograph of Victoria Ocampo; two notebooks of José Bianco; and two tape recordings: "Grabaciónes de Lezama Lima" and a poetry reading by Nicolás Guillén (n.d.). Because he was an editor for Sur for many years, Bianco's correspondence and writings are in many other collections, including 14 letters and two typescript prose manuscripts in the María Rosa Oliver Papers, eight letters each in the Elena Garro and Manuel Mujica Láinez Papers, and two letters in the Fraga and Peña Collection.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Guillermo Cabrera Infante (1929– )

C0272 8.5 linear ft.

Papers contain original drafts and corrections of his work from 1964 and selected correspondence spanning the period 1962–1982. Included are the novels Tres tristes tigres (1970) and La Habana para un infante difunto (1986); seven plays (1966—1972); and Vista del amacener en el trópico (1984). The papers also include Cabrera Infante's film adaptation of Malcolm Lowry's Under the Volcano; Donald Gardner and Suzanne Jill Levine's English translation of Tres Tristes Tigres (Three Trapped Tigers, 1971); letters from film director Joseph Losey, Calvert Casey, Manuel Puig, Lydia Cabrera, Virgilio Piñera, Julio Cortázar, Manuel Scorza, Severo Sarduy, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Enrique Labrador Ruiz, and Alejo Carpentier. There are also over 50 letters by cinematographer and director Nestor Almendros. Cabrera Infante's correspondence is also found in the papers of Carlos Fuentes, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Jorge Edwards, Antón Arrufat, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Review magazine.
Status: The bulk of the correspondence is closed until 2020, or the death of the correspondent, whichever comes first. A finding aid is available.

Bernardo Canal Feijóo (1897–1982)

C0690 .20 linear ft.

The collection of this Argentinian intellectual contains letters from leading cultural figures in the River Plate region: Emilio Pettoruti, Eduardo Mallea, Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Carlos Sabat Ercasty, Macedonio Fernández, Manuel Mujica Láinez, Ricardo Rojas, Norah Lange, Leopoldo Marechal, and Victoria Ocampo, among others. In addition to letters from Fernández, there are also two manuscript essays dedicated to Canal Feijóo. There are also letters by Canal Feijóo in the Mujica Láinez Papers.
Status: open. An inventory is available.

Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda (1948– )

C0278 8.5 linear ft.

Papers of Cobo Borda, Colombian poet, critic, ambassador, and cultural advisor to Colombian president Ernesto Samper Pizano since 1994, include notebooks containing autograph poems, typescript poems, nonfiction writings, interviews, documents, and papers of others. The collection is most notable for its extensive correspondence spanning 1951–1997 and including letters from Rosario Ferré, José Kozer, Julio Ortega, José Miguel Oviedo, Angel Rama, Manuel Puig, Marta Traba, Octavio Paz, Raúl Gustavo Aguirre, Gonzalo Rojas, Germán Arciniegas, Damián Bayón, Martha Canfield, Saúl Yurkievich, Antonio Skármeta, and Belisario Betancur. There are also letters by Cobo Borda in the José Bianco Papers and Review collection.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Miguel Correa (1956– )

C0643 .9 linear ft.

Selected manuscripts of Miguel Correa consist of manuscript versions of two novels: Fragmentos del discurso humano (unpublished) and Al norte del infierno (1984). Both of these works reflect Correa's experiences in Cuba prior to his immigration to the United States in 1980 in the Mariel boatlift.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Arcadio Díaz Quiñones (1940– )

C0014 5.75 linear ft.

Consists primarily of the manuscripts of Díaz Quiñones, professor of Romance Languages and Literatures at Princeton University, and his correspondence, covering the years 1961 through 1997, with Puerto Rican and Cuban writers. In addition, there is correspondence with writers, artists, and scholars from other Latin American countries, Spain, and the United States and with his former students. Some of those represented in the collection include René Marqués, Rosario Ferré, José Luis González, Luis Rafael Sánchez, Lorenzo Homar, Cintio Vitier, and Fina García Marruz.
Status: The letters by some Cuban correspondents are restricted until the year 2007 at the request of Arcadio Díaz Quiñones. An inventory is available. Partially indexed in MASC.

José Donoso (1924–1996)

C0099 54 linear ft.

Papers of Chilean writer José Donoso (Princeton University, Class of 1951) include correspondence, ranging in date from the mid-1960s through 1996, with family members, publishers, and writers including Ernesto Sábato, Gustavo Sainz, Mario Vargas Llosa, Gabriel García Márquez, Carlos Fuentes, Isabel Allende, and filmmaker Luis Buñuel; typescript drafts of such works as Este domingo (1965), El lugar sin límites (1966), El obsceno pájaro de la noche (1970), Historia personal del "Boom" (1972), Tres novelitas burguesas (1973), Casa de campo (1978), La misteriosa desaparición de la Marquesita de Loria (1980), Cuatro para Delfina (1982), La desesperanza (1986), Naturaleza muerta con cachimba (1990); manuscripts of short stories, articles, speeches, and lectures; filmscripts and screenplays; and biographical material about Donoso, which includes essays, interviews, and newspaper clippings. Also included are Donoso's notebooks (1966–1992) which document the problems and advantages created by exile, the social environment of exiled Latin American writers, and the author's reactions to certain political events. There are also microfilm copies of Donoso's notebooks and selected correspondence (1945 to mid-1960s) from the University of Iowa Library which include ideas for novels; early drafts of Coronación (1957), El obsceno pájaro de la noche, and Este domingo; notes written while he was a student at Princeton (1950–1951); manuscript "Rie el eterno lacayo" which became El lugar sin límites; and correspondence with his parents and wife María Pilar. Letters by Donoso are also present in the following collections: Rodríguez Monegal, Vargas Llosa, Carlos Fuentes, Mauricio Wacquez, Jorge Edwards, Margarita Aguirre (C0267), and Review (includes several photographs).
Status: All Princeton notebooks and microfilm copies of notebooks from the University of Iowa are restricted—closed to researchers until August 2008— unless they secure written permission from the "heirs and assigns" of José Donoso. All other correspondence and manuscripts at Princeton are open; a finding aid is available.

Jorge Edwards (1931– )

CO069 4.5 linear ft.

Papers of this Chilean storywriter, novelist, and ambassador associated with the Generation of 1950 include correspondence with politicians, family, and literary figures such as Pablo Neruda, José Donoso, Graham Greene, Enrique Lihn, Mario Vargas Llosa, Claudio Véliz, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Manuel Scorza, Jorge Sanhueza, Jaime Laso, Luis Pascal, and Sergio Edwards. Neruda's correspondence includes seven letters, dated 1973, in which Neruda discusses his health and his return to Chile from Paris. Also found are drafts of the novels El peso de la noche (1961), Persona non grata (1973), Los convidados de piedra (1978), and El museo de cera (1981), short stories, essays and articles, and several notebooks (1953–1970). Edwards' correspondence is also found in the José Donoso, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Mauricio Wacquez Papers, and the author files of Review.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Carlos Franqui (1921– )

C0644 10.6 linear ft.

Papers of this Cuban writer and former Castro supporter who left Cuba in 1968 include manuscript versions of Diario de la Revolución Cubana (1976), Cuba, el libro de las doce (1977), and Retrato de familia con Fidel (1981). There is also correspondence with Latin American intellectuals, cultural leaders, and politicians, such as Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Guillermo Camacho. Also included are transcripts of Cuban radio broadcasts (1957–1958) given by Franqui and others; memos and letters (1957–1958) concerning the Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de Julio; and a large collection (1959–1962) of typescript and printed speeches and interviews of Fidel Castro, Haydée Santamaría, and other revolutionaries. There is a manuscript by Franqui in the Review collection.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Carlos Fuentes (1928– )

C0790 90 linear ft.

Papers of one of Mexico's foremost living authors include correspondence received from many Latin American authors, including Mario Vargas Llosa, Alejo Carpentier, Miguel Angel Asturias, Carolina María de Jesús, José Lezama Lima, and Mexican authors José Emilio Pacheco, Elena Poniatowska, Fernando Benítez, Ramón Xirau, María Luisa Mendoza, and Carlos Monsiváis. There are also letters by film directors, producers, and screenwriters, including Luis Buñuel, Joseph Losey, Abby Mann, and Jane Fonda concerning screen adaptations of Fuentes' novels Aura (1962), Gringo viejo (1985), and other works of fiction. Papers include autograph and typescript drafts of most of Fuentes' published novels and novellas, ranging from his first published books La región más transparente (1958), Aura, and La muerte de Artemio Cruz (1962) to more recently published fiction Cristóbal Nonato (1987), La campaña (1990), and El naranjo, o los círculos del tiempo (1993). There are notebooks, autograph and typescript drafts of the novel Terra Nostra (1975), as well as the complete typescript English translation by Margaret Sayers Peden, with holograph corrections by both author and translator. Also present are drafts of his plays El tuerto es rey (1970), Todos los gatos son pardos (1970), Orquídeas a la luz de la luna (1982) and nonfiction books Valiente Mundo Nuevo (1990), Geografía de la novela (1993), and El espejo enterrado (1992). There are also manuscripts of English translations of his novels by others, documents, drawings, audiotapes, photographs, and press clippings covering all phases of his career. Letters by him can also be found in the José Donoso, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, and Mario Vargas Llosa Papers.
Status: open, with the following restriction: correspondence with Hélène Cixous, Julio Cortázar, José Donoso, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Roberto Fernández Retamar, Gabriel García Márquez, Norman Mailer, Octavio Paz, Philip Roth, and Jean Seberg is closed until January 1, 2021 or two years after the death of Carlos Fuentes, whichever occurs first. A finding aid is available.

Rafael Fuentes (1901–1971)

C0791 1.25 linear ft.

Consists of personal and working papers of Fuentes, a Mexican diplomat, lawyer, and father of the writer Carlos Fuentes. Includes diplomatic correspondence and writings, clippings, and printed material. Included in the papers are letters by distinguished Mexican diplomat, poet, and essayist Alfonso Reyes and diplomat and poet Jaime Torres Bodet. There are also a few letters by Mexican novelist Agustín Yañez and dramatist Rodolfo Usigli.
Status: open; unprocessed.

Elena Garro (1920–1998)

C0827 2.25 linear ft.

Consists primarily of correspondence of Garro, Mexican novelist, storywriter, and playwright, and of her daughter, Helena Paz Garro (1948?– ), a published poet. There are also a few manuscripts of a novel, short stories, and nonfiction by Garro, as well as documents, photographs, and printed material. There is an partial manuscript of her memoir, Memorias de España 1937, published in 1992. There are letters from numerous Mexican writers, including Octavio Paz, who was married to Garro for almost 20 years. There are over 45 letters from Paz to his daughter Helena, chiefly from the years 1958–1965. Other notable correspondents include Emilio Carballido and Argentine writers Adolfo Bioy Casares and José Bianco. There are three photographs (dated 1930s(?), 1952, and n.d.) of Elena Garro and Octavio Paz together. There are 26 letters and a typed manuscript by Garro titled "Sócrates y los gatos" in the José Bianco Papers and a small amount of letters by her in the Carlos Fuentes Papers.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Alberto Girri (1918–1991)

C0259 .9 linear ft.

Selected papers of Girri, an Argentine poet considered by many literary critics to be his country's leading poet from the 1980s until his death in 1991, are comprised of correspondence and original typescript poems with corrections, including Casa de la mente (1968) and Diario de un libro (1971). Correspondents include Manuel Mujica Láinez and Victoria Ocampo. There are also five photographs of Girri and a series of interviews from 1987 by Jorge Cruz. There are 20 letters by Girri and several manuscript poems by him in the Mujica Láinez Papers.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Lorenzo Homar (1913– )

C0756 .5 linear ft.

Consists of the correspondence of Lorenzo Homar, Puerto Rican graphic artist and calligrapher, with museum curators, book designers and illustrators, type designers, and calligraphers, including Herman Zapf, Rockwell Kent, William S. Lieberman, Elmer Adler, Library of Congress, La Casa del Libro (San Juan, P.R.), and Seabury Press and spanning the period 1958–1993. There are also letters by him in the Arcadio Díaz Quiñones Papers.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Sonja Karsen (1919– )

C0813 3 linear ft.

Consists of papers of Sonja Karsen, professor emerita of Spanish and modern languages at Skidmore College, used in her research and writing on two Latin American authors: the Colombian Modernista poet Guillermo Valencia (1873–1943) and Mexican poet, foreign diplomat, and government minister Jaime Torres Bodet (1902–1974). The collection includes Karsen's correspondence with Torres Bodet (80 letters by him) concering her published books, which include the bilingual anthology Selected Poems of Jaime Torres Bodet (Indiana U. Press, 1964). There are also numerous printed articles about Torres Bodet. The material about Guillermo Valencia includes letters from Colombian essayist Baldomero Sanín Cano spanning the years 1942 to 1951, letters from members of Valencia's family in Popoyán, and photographs of Valencia and his family from the 1940s. There are also reviews of Karsen's book Guillermo Valencia, Colombian Poet 1873–1943 (1951) and other printed articles. There is also correspondence with other Mexican writers and scholors in the united States.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Pablo Le Riverend (1907–1991)

C0694 .22 linear ft.

Correspondence of Pablo Le Riverend, Cuban émigré poet who taught Spanish at Heidelberg College (1965–1972) and published the journal Q–21 Poesía para poetas, with fellow Cuban émigré poets Lucas Lamadrid y Moya (1919–1987) and Matías Montes Huidobro (1931– ), as well as Spanish poet Miguel Luesma Castán.
Status: open.

Wolfgang A. Luchting (1927– )

C0793 5.5 linear ft.

Correspondence of Luchting, a prominent German-American translator of works by Latin American authors into German, spans the period 1960–1994. The collection includes a large amount of correspondence with Julio Ramón Ribeyro, Mario Vargas Llosa, Ernesto Sábato, Abelardo Oquendo, Manuel Puig, and critics Carlos Meneses, Julio Ortega, Günter W. Lorenz, José Miguel Oviedo, Fernando Alegría, Jorge Ruffinelli, and others. Luchting saved carbons of most of his letters, which are in the collection but restricted. The principal strengths of the collection are the correspondence with Peruvian writers (many of whom are not well known outside of Latin America) and correspondence, primarily from the 1960s–1970s, devoted to the translation of several novels and impact of the Latin American "Boom."
Status: open; certain materials are restricted: correspondence of Gustavo Alvarez Gardeazábal, Günter W. Lorenz, and José Miguel Oviedo will be sealed during the lifetimes of these authors and of Luchting. A finding aid is available.

José Martínez Sotomayor (1895–1980)

C0830 1 linear ft.

Consists of personal papers of Martínez Sotomayor, Mexican lawyer, judge, and writer who published novels, short stories, and nonfiction. He was associated with the literary magazine Bandera de Provincias, which was published in Guadalajara from 1929 to 1930. He was also affiliated with the Contemporáneos literary group and was friends with other members of this group, including José Gorostiza and Jaime Torres Bodet. The collection includes manuscripts of Martínez Sotomayor's published books: the novel La rueca de aire (1930) and short story anthologies Lentitud (1933) and Locura (1939). There are letters by Gorostiza, novelist Agustín Yañez, and poets and essayists Xavier Villaurrutia, Alfonso Gutiérrez Hermosillo, and Efraín González Luna.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Manuel Mujica Láinez (1910–1984)

C0819 2 linear ft.

Consists of personal and working papers of Manuel Mujica Láinez, Argentine novelist, storywriter, biographer, and essayist. Papers primarily contain letters sent to him by Argentine and Spanish writers, including novelists, poets, and other members of the Academia Argentina de Letras and Sociedad Argentina de Escritores (SADE). Representative correspondents include Jorge Luis Borges, Victoria Ocampo, Silvina Ocampo, Alberto Girri, Eduardo González Lanuza, Juan Carlos Ghiano, Marta Lynch, Alejandra Pizarnik, and Abel Posse. There are over 40 letters by him in the Alberto Girri Papers and a small number of letters by him in the papers of Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Bernardo Canal Feijóo, María Rosa Oliver, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Carlos Fuentes.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Silvina Ocampo (1903–1993)
Victoria Ocampo (1890–1979)

C0783 1.5 linear ft.

The Fraga and Peña Collection consists primarily of the correspondence of Victoria and Silvina Ocampo, and other Ocampo family members, which was collected by their sister Angélica and heirs María Rebeca Peña and Rebeca Fraga. There are approximately 180 letters by Victoria Ocampo to Angélica and Pancha Ocampo and others, spanning the period 1926–1978, 50 letters by Silvina Ocampo to Angélica Ocampo, spanning 1938–1970s, and at least one letter by Silvina to Victoria Ocampo dated 1977. There are also photographs of Victoria and Silvina in the collection, including several of them with Angélica in the San Isidro residence. In addition, there are essays by both Victoria and Silvina. There are over 80 letters by Victoria Ocampo in the María Rosa Oliver Papers, 69 letters by her in the Manuel Mujica Láinez Papers, and various letters by her in the collections of Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Bernardo Canal Feijóo, Carlos Fuentes, and Mario Vargas Llosa. There are 23 letters by Silvina Ocampo in the Mujica Láinez Papers. There is also correspondence by both Victoria and Silvina in the Alberto Girri and José Bianco Papers. There are a few photographs of Victoria Ocampo (with others) in the Oliver Papers. The collection of Review magazine has material by or about both Silvina and Victoria, including a manuscript in English by Victoria from 1973.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

María Rosa Oliver (1898–1977)

CO829 4.5 linear ft.

Consists of writings, correspondence, documents, drawings, photographs, printed material, and papers of others collected by Oliver, an Argentine essayist, storywriter, and translator. She was an original member of the "Comite de Colaboración" of Sur magazine, founded in 1931, and was a longtime friend of Argentine writers Victoria Ocampo, Eduardo Mallea, José Bianco, and North American novelist Waldo Frank. Active in the World Peace Council from 1948 to 1962, she was awarded the Lenin International Peace Prize in 1958. The collection has over 80 letters or cards by Victoria Ocampo, 40 by Waldo Frank, and 23 by Eduardo Mallea. There are 126 letters by Argentine film director Luis Saslavsky and 11 by American dance executive Lincoln Kirstein. There are also 135 photographs of Oliver with family and friends, including several with Ocampo, Frank, and Mallea from the 1920s and 1930s and with Miguel Angel Asturias, Spanish poet Rafael Alberti, and other authors and cultural figures.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Abelardo Oquendo (1930– )

C0778 .45 linear ft.

Consists of letters sent to Oquendo, Peruvian poet and editor, by Peruvian writers Mario Vargas Llosa, Julio Ramón Ribeyro, and Alfredo Bryce Echenique. There is also correspondence of Oquendo in the Mario Vargas Llosa and Wolfgang A. Luchting Papers.
Status: open; partially processed.

Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano (1899–1949)

C0664 3 linear ft.

Papers of Ortiz de Montellano, Mexican poet and scholar, consist of manuscripts, correspondence, and documents. It includes drafts of poems and essays; notebooks; correspondence about his poetry, especially Sueños (1933); his work as a lecturer at various universities; material about Mexican poet Amado Nervo (1870–1919); and printed matter, including copies of Letras de México, of which he was the editor. Ortiz de Montellano, a co-founder of the journal Contemporáneos (1928–1931), received letters from poets Jaime Torres Bodet, José Gorostiza, and Xavier Villaurrutia. Other correspondents include Mexican diplomats and authors Alfonso Reyes and Genaro Estrada.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Virgilio Piñera (1912–1979)

C0749 .25 linear ft.

Contains selected papers of Cuban poet and playwright Virgilio Piñera, including letters from Cuban storywriter Humberto Rodríguez Tomeu (77 letters spanning 1959–1976) and letters from Polish author Witold Gombrowicz to Rodríguez Tomeu. Piñera's works include an unpublished play, "Un pico o una pala?" written just before his death; a copy of Las furias (1941) containing two poems, "Elegía lenta" and "Elegía furiosa," which were not included in La vida entera (1969); several manuscript pages of the play El filántropo and prose essay El guante de crin; a plan for "El camarero" (unfinished); one typed page of play Electra Garrigó; a manuscript of love poems with illustrations and other poems written in French that were published in Una broma colosal (1988). The collection also has a few photographs of Piñera and an audiocassette recording of Piñera reading his poems in Cuba in the 1960s. In addition, there are letters and several typescript drafts of short stories and poems by him in the Antón Arrufat Papers, letters in the Cabrera Infante Papers, and a small number of letters in the José Bianco Papers.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Review: Latin American Literature and the Arts. Author Files

C0812 15 linear ft.

Consists of author files of Review, a biannual journal by the Americas Society whose purpose is to publish and promote contemporary Latin American literature in English translation. The author files contain correspondence of editors, Latin American authors, publishers, translators and scholars, readers' reports (evaluations of manuscripts), and press clippings covering the period 1964–1985. There are also numerous manuscripts of the English translations of poetry and prose by translators such as Gregory Rabassa, Helen R. Lane, Eliot Weinberger, Edith Grossman, Clayton Eshleman, Naomi Lindstrom, and others. Major Latin American authors included in the collection are Guillermo Cabrera Infante, José Donoso, Jorge Edwards, Enrique Lihn, Victoria Ocampo, Octavio Paz, Manuel Puig, Ernesto Sábato, and Mario Vargas Llosa. The writings of less well known Latin American authors and North American scholars and critics are also present. The collection also includes speeches and manuscripts about Uruguayan critic Emir Rodríguez Monegal which were commissioned for a memorial service held in April 1986 for him. Also present in the collection are photographs of authors, a videocassette of Jorge Luis Borges speaking on Argentine television in June 1985(?), book contracts for English translations of works by Latin American authors, and printed material, including critical articles from academic journals and poetry chapbooks. The publishing history of Gabriel García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude (1970), José Donoso's The Boom in Spanish American Literature: A Personal History (1977), and others in English is also documented in detail in the Review archive.
Status: open; an inventory is available.

Emir Rodríguez Monegal (1921–1985)

C0652 9.2 linear ft.

Papers of this Uruguayan critic, scholar, and professor of Latin American and Comparative Literature at Yale University consist of diaries (1959–1960); correspondence; miscellaneous records; tape recordings of interviews; writings by others; and printed material. The strength of the collection is the correspondence with a wide range of writers, critics, and scholars concerning the journal Marcha, which began publication in 1946, and especially Mundo Nuevo (1965–1971), an expatriate journal that was based in Paris and was founded and edited by Rodríguez Monegal. The journal launched the careers of a number of outstanding Latin American writers and promoted the Hispanic American Boom novel and avant–garde poetry. Some of the letters reflect the concerns of many of the writers who were forced into exile and the CIA scandal surrounding Mundo Nuevo in the late 1960s. The correspondence spans the years 1944 to 1985 and represents literary figures such as Carlos Fuentes, José Donoso, Gabriel García Márquez, Mario Benedetti, Adolfo Bioy Casares, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Severo Sarduy, Nicanor Parra, Manuel Puig, and Nélida Piñón. Rodríguez Monegal's letters are also represented in the papers of these authors: Guillermo Cabrera Infante, José Donoso, Jorge Edwards, Mario Vargas Llosa, Carlos Fuentes, Reinaldo Arenas, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, and Manuel Mujica Láinez. There are also readers' reports written by Rodríguez Monegal and manuscripts about him in the author files of Review.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Mario Vargas Llosa (1936– )

C0641 105 linear ft.

Papers of the award-winning Peruvian writer include notebooks; manuscripts; correspondence (1957–1996); documents; recordings; printed matter; and political archive. Literary correspondents include Mario Benedetti, José Bianco, Julio Cortázar, Jorge Edwards, Carlos Fuentes, Octavio Paz, Gabriel García Márquez, Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Abelardo Oquendo, Rosario Ferré, Nélida Piñón, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Manuel Scorza, Marta Lynch, José María Arguedas, translator Gregory Rabassa and critics José Miguel Oviedo, Jorge Ruffinelli, and Angel Rama. There are early and late drafts of La ciudad y los perros (1963), La tía Julia y el escribidor (1977), Pantaleón y las visitadoras (1973), La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), Historia de Mayta (1984), and Elogio de la madrastra (1988); later drafts of novels La casa verde (1966), Conversación en la catedral (1969), ¿Quien mató a Palomino Molero? (1986); plays La señorita de Tacna (1981), Kathie y el hipopótamo (1983), La chunga (1990), and El loco de los balcones (1993); nonfiction essays La verdad del las mentiras, Los desafíos a la libertad; and memoir El pez en el agua (1993), and English translation by Helen R. Lane, A Fish in the Water. Papers also include drafts of short stories contained in Los jefes (1968) and his juvenilia, "Mis primeros versos." The political archive series includes correspondence and manuscripts related to the author's campaign for the presidency of Peru in 1990. Located here are speeches by him and drafts of important party documents of "Movimiento Libertad" and "Frente Democrático." Letters by him can also be found in the papers of Abelardo Oquendo, Wolfgang Luchting, José Donoso, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, Jorge Edwards, Carlos Fuentes, María Rosa Oliver, and Review.
Status: open; some correspondence is restricted: letters received from Wolfgang Luchting are restricted until December 2003; all correspondence from Julia Urquidi is closed to the public until her death; Gabriel García Márquez' letters may not be photocopied or published. There are also restrictions on some letters by José Miguel Oviedo, Abelardo Oquendo, and Luis Loayza (refer to finding aid). Post–1984 correspondence is filed alphabetically; it is not indexed in MASC. A finding aid is available.

Oscar Hermes Villordo (1928-1994)

C0839 0.5 linear ft.

Consists of three diaries kept by this Argentine novelist, poet, and critic between 1972 and 1991. These are accompanied by typed transcriptions by Alicia Dellephiane Rawson.

Mauricio Wacquez (1939– )

C0258 4.5 linear ft.

Papers of the Chilean writer-in-exile in Spain contain drafts of his novel Frente a un hombre armado (1981); nonfiction work Conocer a Sartre y su obra (1977); and novellas Toda la luz del mediodía (1964), Paréntesis (1975), and Ella, o el sueño de nadie (1983). Also included are drafts of the short story collection Excesos (1971), as well as unpublished stories, prologues to several books, interviews with Wacquez, and notebooks (1957–1983). There are also some manuscripts by others, including Miguel Barnet, Gabriel García Márquez, and Enrique Lihn. Letters by Wacquez are also found in the José Donoso and Mario Vargas Llosa Papers.
Status: open; a finding aid is available.

Alvaro Yunque (1889–1982)

C0784 .9 linear ft.

Correspondence of Alvaro Yunque (pen name of Arístedes Gandolfi Herrero) with many writers and cultural figures in Argentina. Yunque was a leader of the Boedo group, a literary group active in Buenos Aires in the 1920s that was dedicated to writing literature of social change. Correspondents include members of the Boedo group and others, such as Agustín Riganelli, Roberto J. Payró, Elías Castelnuovo, Raúl González Tuñón, and Uruguayan authors Juana de Ibarbourou and Fernán Silva Valdés. Status: open; a finding aid is available.

The following are authors' papers Princeton does not hold, but who have substantial material in collections:

Alfredo Bryce Echenique (1939– )
There are letters by Bryce Echenique, Peruvian novelist and short story writer, in the papers of Wolfgang A. Luchting and Abelardo Oquendo; and a small number of letters in the José Donoso, Jorge Edwards, and Mauricio Wacquez Papers.
Status: open.

Julio Cortázar (1914–1984)
There are letters by Julio Cortázar in the Carlos Fuentes Papers, as well as a typescript manuscript of "La noche boca arriba" (short story); and letters in the Mario Vargas Llosa, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Antón Arrufat, and Manuel Mujica Láinez Papers. See also the collection of the journal Review for a large amount of material about Cortázar. Status: Cortázar's letters in the Carlos Fuentes Papers are restricted (see Fuentes description).

Gabriel García Márquez (1928– )
A copy of a draft of Crónica de una muerte anunciada (1981) can be found in the Mauricio Wacquez Papers. There are also letters by García Márquez in the Carlos Fuentes, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers; and a smaller amount of letters in the José Donoso, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, and María Rosa Oliver Papers.
Status: García Márquez's correspondence is restricted in the Carlos Fuentes Papers (see Fuentes description) and in the Mario Vargas Llosa Papers, where there can be no photocopying or publication of his letters. 

H. R. Hays Correspondence with Latin American Writers
C0847 0.2 linear ft.
Consists of a selection of correspondence between H. R. Hays (1904-1980) and ten Latin American writers and poets, who were featured in his anthology 12 Spanish American Poets (1943). Some of the correspondents include Jorge Andrade Carrera, Nicolás Guillén, Manuel Moreno Jimeno, Lino Novás Calvo, José Revueltas, Winett and Pablo de Rokha, Jaime Tello, and Antonio de Underraga. Many of the letters regard literary, social, and political matters.

Víctor Jara (1938–1973)
There are two audiotapes of interviews with Joan Jara, widow of Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and leader of La Nueva Canción Chilena movement who died during the 1973 overthrow of Salvador Allende's government, in the collection of journalist Samuel Chavkin (C0786).

Enrique Lihn (1929–1988)
There are letters by Lihn, Chilean poet, in the Jorge Edwards Papers and letters and photographs in the Review collection; a manuscript poem in the Mauricio Wacquez Papers; and a small number of letters in the Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers.

Marta Lynch (1929–1985)
Correspondence of Marta Lynch, Argentine novelist, is present in the Manuel Mujica Láinez and Mario Vargas Llosa, and Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers. The latter collection also has a typescript draft of a short story, "La pieza de alquiler."

Gabriela Mistral (1889–1957)
Mistral, Chilean poet and essayist, and the first woman from Latin America to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (1945), has correspondence in the following collections: María Rosa Oliver (16 letters and a manuscript poem), Manuel Mujica Láinez and Alvaro Yunque (one letter in each). In the Archives of Story Magazine and Story Press (CO104), there are five manuscript poems (several with holograph corrections by her), English translations of these poems by Frances Mousseau, and a small amount of her correspondence with the editors.

Pablo Neruda (1904–1973)
There are letters by Neruda spanning the period 1962–1973 in the Jorge Edwards Papers; and a small number of letters in the José Donoso, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Mario Vargas Llosa, and María Rosa Oliver Papers. Among Oliver's papers, there is one photograph and manuscript articles about him. There are also tape recordings of Neruda reading poetry in the Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers. There is also an audiotape interview of Matilde Urrutia, Neruda's widow, dated 1975, in the Samuel Chavkin Papers (C0786).

Juan Carlos Onetti (1909–1994)
The Archive of Charles Scribner's Sons (C0101) has author files of Onetti (including 19 letters by him) concerning the English translation and publication (1968) of El astillero (The Shipyard). There is also an audiotape recording of an interview with Onetti by Emir Rodríguez Monegal and a large amount of letters by Onetti in the Rodríguez Monegal Papers; and a small amount of letters in the Carlos Fuentes, María Rosa Oliver, and Mario Vargas Llosa Papers. There are also letters by Onetti's wife and material about him in the author files of Review.

José Emilio Pacheco (1939– )
This Mexican poet and novelist has letters in the following collections: Mario Vargas Llosa, Carlos Fuentes, José Donoso, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, Antón Arrufat, José Bianco, and Wolfgang Luchting. There is also a photograph of Pacheco and letters by him in the Review collection.

Nicanor Parra (1914– )
There is correspondence of Chilean poet Nicanor Parra in the Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers, a typescript manuscript with holograph corrections, "Meetings with Nicanor Parra," (n.d.), and three photographs (1971); there are also a small number of letters by Parra in the Jorge Edwards, José Donoso, and Arcadio Díaz Quiñones Papers. The Review collection has a manuscript of a 1972 interview of Parra and three letters by him.

Octavio Paz (1914–1998)
The correspondence of Octavio Paz, Mexican poet, essayist, and 1990 recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature, is represented in the papers of the following authors: Elena Garro, Carlos Fuentes, José Bianco, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Mario Vargas Llosa, Reinaldo Arenas, and Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda. There are also a few letters by Paz and English translations of Paz's poetry by Eliot Weinberger in the Review collection, and three small photographs of Paz with Elena Garro in the Garro Papers and one photograph of Paz with others, dated 1984, in the Rodríguez Monegal Papers.
Status: Paz's letters in the Fuentes Papers are restricted (see Fuentes description)

Manuel Puig (1933–1990)
There is correspondence by Puig in these collections: Wolfgang Luchting, Emir Rodríguez Monegal (includes an interview), Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, José Donoso, María Rosa Oliver, and Mario Vargas Llosa. There are also over 20 original letters by him in the author files of Review magazine.

Alfonso Reyes (1889–1959)
There are 10 letters by Alfonso Reyes, Mexican essayist, poet and diplomat in the Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano Papers, letters and a prose essay by Reyes titled "Presentación de Grecia" in the Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers, and correspondence of his in the papers of María Rosa Oliver, José Bianco, Alvaro Yunque, Carlos Fuentes, and Rafael Fuentes.

Julio Ramón Ribeyro (1929–1995)
Extensive correspondence of Ribeyro, a Peruvian novelist who served for many years as his country's representative to UNESCO, is included in the papers of Wolfgang A. Luchting, Abelardo Oquendo, and Mario Vargas Llosa.

Ernesto Sábato (1911– )
Extensive correspondence of Sábato, one of Argentina's leading novelists, can be found in the papers of Wolfgang A. Luchting and José Donoso. Letters by him are also present in the papers of Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Mario Vargas Llosa, Bernardo Canal Feijóo, José Bianco, Manuel Mujica Láinez, Alvaro Yunque, Reinaldo Arenas, and Review. The Review material includes letters and biographical information written by Matilde de Sábato, the author's wife.

Severo Sarduy (1937–1993)
Correspondence of this Cuban author, who resided for many years in Paris, is in the José Donoso, Carlos Fuentes, Reinaldo Arenas, Mauricio Wacquez, Mario Vargas Llosa, and, most notably, Emir Rodríguez Monegal Papers, which has over 100 letters by Sarduy dating 1966 to 1983. There is also a 1969 manuscript of a conversation between Rodríguez Monegal and Sarduy and a photocopy of a 1983 manuscript, Colibrí, in the Rodríguez Monegal Papers.

Jaime Torres Bodet (1902–1974)
Correspondence of this Mexican poet, diplomat, and government minister, who was also a co-founder of the Contemporáneos group with Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano, is located in the Sonja Karsen Papers, which contains over 80 letters by him. This collection also includes photographs of Torres Bodet and a 1960 phonograph recording of him reading his poetry and prose. His correspondence is also in the papers of Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano, José Martínez Sotomayor, Carlos Fuentes, and Rafael Fuentes.

Authors by country:
José Bianco, Bernardo Canal Feijóo, Julio Cortázar, Alberto Girri, Marta Lynch, Manuel Mujica Láinez, Silvina Ocampo, Victoria Ocampo, María Rosa Oliver, Manuel Puig, Ernesto Sábato, Alvaro Yunque


José Donoso, Jorge Edwards, Víctor Jara, Enrique Lihn, Gabriela Mistral, Pablo Neruda, Nicanor Parra, Mauricio Wacquez


Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda, Gabriel García Márquez


Reinaldo Arenas, Antón Arrufat, Guillermo Cabrera
Infante, Miguel Correa, Carlos Franqui, Pablo Le Riverend, Lino Novás Calvo, Virgilio Piñera, Severo Sarduy
Miguel Angel Asturias
Carlos Fuentes, Rafael Fuentes, Elena Garro, José Martínez Sotomayor, Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano, José Emilio Pacheco, Octavio Paz, Alfonso Reyes, Jaime Torres Bodet
Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Abelardo Oquendo, Julio Ramón Ribeyro, Mario Vargas Llosa
Puerto Rico:
Arcadio Díaz Quiñones, Lorenzo Homar
United States:
Sonja Karsen, Wolfgang A. Luchting, REVIEW
Juan Carlos Onetti, Emir Rodríguez Monegal

For further information, please contact Meg Rich, Reference Librarian / Archivist at Tel: 609-258-3174 or E-Mail: msrich@princeton.edu.

Further information on Latin American literary correspondence and manuscripts is available in MASC (Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections), a local online database of over 90,000 bibliographic records providing collection–level descriptions and also giving box–and–folder locations for manuscripts pertaining to some 25,000 individuals. The MASC database is available on the Web at: http://www.princeton.edu/rbsc/databases/masc.html
Revised: September, 2003.
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